Western States


The Indian tribes of Arizona have been legally permitted to have slot machines on their reservations since the early 1990s. In 2003, blackjack was introduced as a table game. Video craps, video poker, video keno, and video roulette are available as well. Some casinos offer off-track betting.

There are more than 20 Indian casinos in Arizona, and all are open 24 hours, seven days a week. One must be at least 21 years old to gamble in Arizona.


The Indian casinos in California are permitted by law to have electronic gaming machines, blackjack, and a variety of card games. Roulette and craps are not allowed, though some casinos have modified versions of these games that are played with cards rather than with dice or with roulette wheels. Video poker, video keno and slots are also available.

Many of the California casinos are open 24 hours. One must be at least 18 years old to gamble in California, although if alcohol is served, gamblers must be at least 21 years of age.

There are also more than 100 card rooms in California, ranging in size from a single table to more than 200 tables. Because blackjack is not legal in California card rooms, the game may be called “California Blackjack” or “21st Century Blackjack.” Such games are often played to 22 rather than to 21. These are “banked” games, in which one of the players acts as a banker/dealer, and players must pay a commission of 2 percent to 5 percent to the house on each hand they play.

California card rooms have no limits on stakes; many serve a variety of foods and beverages.

Western United States | Gambling in California, Oregon, California, and ArizonaOregon

Oregon has nine Indian casinos. Most have blackjack, video poker and video slots; some offer poker, craps, roulette, bingo, and keno. Many of the casinos are open 24 hours. One must be at least 18 years old to play bingo in Oregon, and 21 to gamble.

Under Oregon law, bars and taverns may have as many as five video lottery terminals for playing versions of video poker. The highest bet permitted is $2 and no machine pays out more than $600. While the machines take cash, a winner will get a receipt for payout by a cashier.